Taper un mot et faite entrer pour lancer la recherche

Biparental Incitatrice of Mitochondrial DNA in Humans


Biparental Incitatrice of Mitochondrial DNA in Humans


Biparental Incitatrice of Mitochondrial DNA in Humans

Shiyu Luo, C. Alexander Valencia, Jinglan Zhang, Ni-Chung Lee, Jesse Slone, Baoheng Gui, Xinjian Wang, Zhuo Li, Sarah Dell, Jenice Brown, Stella Maris Chen, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Pi-Chuan Fan, Lee-Jun Wong, Paldeep S. Atwal, and Taosheng Huang PNAS published ahead of print November 26, 2018 to Cart ($10)

  1. Edited by Douglas C. Wallace, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, and approved October 29, 2018 (received for review June 26, 2018)


The energy-producing organelle mitochondrion contains its own compact genome, which is separate from the nuclear genome. In nearly all mammals, this mitochondrial genome is inherited exclusively from the mother, and transmission of paternal mitochondria or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has not been convincingly demonstrated in humans. In this paper, we have uncovered multiple instances of biparental inheritance of mtDNA spanning three unrelated multiple generation families, a result confirmed by independent sequencing across multiple unrelated laboratories with different methodologies. Surprisingly, this pattern of inheritance appears to be determined in an autosomal dominantlike manner. This paper profoundly alters a widespread belief about mitochondrial inheritance and potentially opens a novel field in mitochondrial medicine.


Although there has been considerable debate about whether paternal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) transmission may coexist with maternal transmission of mtDNA, it is generally believed that mitochondria and mtDNA are exclusively maternally inherited in humans. Here, we identified three unrelated multigeneration families with a high level of mtDNA heteroplasmy (ranging from 24 to 76%) in a total of 17 individuals. Heteroplasmy of mtDNA was independently examined by high-depth whole mtDNA sequencing analysis in our research laboratory and in two Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments and College of American Pathologists-accredited laboratories using multiple approaches. A comprehensive exploration of mtDNA segregation in these families shows biparental mtDNA transmission with an autosomal dominantlike inheritance mode. Our results suggest that, although the central dogma of maternal inheritance of mtDNA remains valid, there are some exceptional cases where paternal mtDNA could be passed to the offspring. Elucidating the molecular mechanism for this unusual mode of inheritance will provide new insights into how mtDNA is passed on from parent to offspring and may even lead to the development of new avenues for the therapeutic treatment for pathogenic mtDNA transmission.


  • 1Present address: Section of Molecular Genetics, PerkinElmer Genomics, Branford, CT 06405.
  • 2Present address: Center for Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, 410008 Changsha, Hunan, China.
  • 3P.S.A. and T.H. contributed equally to this work.
  • 4To whom correspondence should be addressed. Email:
  • Author contributions: P.S.A. and T.H. designed research; S.L., J.Z., N.-C.L., J.S., B.G., Z.L., S.D., J.B., S.M.C., Y.-H.C., W.-L.H., and P.-C.F. performed research; S.L., C.A.V., J.Z., J.S., X.W., L.-J.W., and T.H. analyzed data; S.L., C.A.V., J.S., and T.H. wrote the paper; and N.-C.L., Y.-H.C., W.-L.H., P.-C.F., P.S.A., and T.H. evaluated patients and their families.
  • The authors declare no conflict of interest.
  • This article is a PNAS Direct Submission.
  • This article contains supporting information online at

Published under the PNAS license.

Laisser un commentaire

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.